Across the spectrum of your organisation and up and down your supply chain there will be a range of sources or activities that release greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere. Inventory is essentially a quantifiable list of these GHG emissions and sources [1]. Your inventory is the focal point for measuring and managing your carbon footprint.

In BraveGen CSR, inventory items relevant to the absolute carbon footprint of your organisation, projects, supply chain and products are recorded, measured and managed. In addition the following items are also considered to form part of your organisation's broader inventory:

  • Resources or inputs to your organisation, providing flexible resource management options
  • Finished goods or services that your organisation generates, providing the functionality to measure and manage relative carbon footprints, i.e. carbon intensities, if required.

On the Inventory page, a suite of menu options enable you to create, maintain, view and run reports on a broad collection of inventory items related to:

  • locations at all levels in your organisation
  • specific products
  • your projects and events
  • your value chain

Using inventory items

In BraveGen CSR, the term inventory is used broadly to describe a quantifiable list of:

  • Resources
  • Carbon Assets
  • Production items,

Together these sub-groups:

  • Capture all emission sources and assets relevant to your organisation and its projects, value chain and products.
  • Provide flexible resource management options.
  • Provide flexible emission source management and reporting options vis-à-vis absolute and/or relative emissions

Inventory items fall into one of the following three inventory types:

1. Resources: Resources or inputs related to generating, distributing and using the goods or services an organisation produces, they are often emission sources and are thus recognised as an inventory item type in BraveGen CSR. They also include your labour force. Resources or inputs include electricity, fuel, gas, paper, water, employee metrics etc.

Resources may be consumed or used either directly within an organisation and or indirectly either upstream or downstream of the organisation. Furthermore, these resources can be attributed to specific organisation items/locations such as facilities, assets, suppliers or customers. Examples of resources, their place in the value chain and scope are as follows:
 

Resource
Point in Value
Chain
Scope
Gas used in producing raw materials
Upstream
3
Fuel used in transporting raw materials using
organisations vehicles
Within
Organisation
1
Purchased Electricity used in the production process
Within
Organisation
2
Electricity used by a consumer to power the end
product
Downstream
3

Organisations may have varying business priorities with regard to the management of their resources. Some resources e.g. water, may be scarce and/or a significant item of expense. Whilst the resource management functionality in BraveGen CSR is primarily focused GHG emissions, the system also allows you to manage any resources. Resources are also viewed and managed from the Inventory Tab and on the Inventory Page.

2. Carbon Assets, comprised of the potential of greenhouse gas emission reductions that your organisation is able to generate and sell.

3. Production: This inventory item type contains all goods and services generated by an organisation as well as any emission sources considered to be an output of the organisation. Storing goods and services in the production sub-group for selected organisation items provides the functionality for quantifying emissions relative to those goods and services.

The Production sub-group is also used to store inventory items related to production output emission sources such as waste outputs from raw material or finished good production and consumer use of a product and product disposal.

Inventory terminology

In the GHG Protocol Corporate Standard (Revised Edition):

The term inventory represents a quantifiable list of an organisation's GHG emissions and sources which include:

  • Direct emissions from sources owned and controlled by your organisation such as fuel combustion or company owned vehicles. For GHG Accounting and Reporting purposes direct emissions are known as scope 1 emissions.
  • Indirect emissions that are a consequence of your operations but occur at sources owned and controlled by other organisations. Examples of indirect emissions include purchased electricity, the production of purchased materials, product use and disposal.

For GHG Accounting and Reporting purposes, indirect emissions associated with the generation of electricity, heating, cooling or steam for an organisation's own consumption are known as scope 2 emissions. All other indirect emissions related to your value chain are known as scope 3 emissions.

Further explanation of these terms can be found in Chapter 4 of the GHGP -www.ghgprotocol.org/standards/corporate-standard

In BraveGen CSR:

  • The term inventory has a broader meaning than that contained in the GHGP, incorporating resources, carbon assets and finished goods and services as well as a quantifiable list of all emissions and sources. Refer to 'About Inventory Items' for a more indepth discussion on these terms.
  • Direct and indirect emissions are represented as scope 1, 2 or 3 emissions.
  • Out of scope resources are represented as scope 0

The identification and classification of emission sources occurs within the organisational and operational boundaries established by an organisation. Collectively, they are known as the Inventory Boundary. These terms and their meaning in the GHGP and BraveGen CSR are discussed in Organisation Terminology - Foundation Footprint and GHG Protocol Corporate Standard (GHGP).